On September 21, 2007 the UK The Hobbit turned 70 and this year on March 1, 2008 we celebrated 70 years of the US edition of the Hobbit (1). For the 69th anniversary I wrote an article on the first edition of the UK The Hobbit. Last year, in 2007, I wrote an article on the US first edition of The Hobbit. This year, the 71st anniversary of The Hobbit, it is a good occasion to look back at 70 years of Tolkien collecting and The Hobbit collectables and ephemera, since most Tolkien collectors all started by reading and buying a copy of The Hobbit. I'll create here a series of articles on The Hobbit collecting and will try and touch some of the less common Hobbit books and collectables, present an overview of the first and the deluxe editions. Since this series of articles takes a lot of work I hope to get them all published as soon as possible... maybe in a few weeks time I'll have them all posted.
tolkien's The Hobbit was first published on September 21, 1937, and immediately proved popular. It is however unclear when the very first "Tolkien collectors" emerged. This phenomenon probably started with the publication of The Lord of the Rings, first published in 1954 through 1955. This gave rise to the Tolkien fandom as a cultural phenomenon and probably the true first "Tolkien collectors" emerged around that period. Still it took until in 1980 that the first bookseller's catalogue appeared solely devoted to Tolkien, called Eorclanstanar [Precious Stones] or The Hobbitiana: an offering of rarities by J.R.R. Tolkien (2).
Still a long time before the publication of The Lord of the Rings there have been published a lot of Hobbit related ephemera, which now have become highly sought after items for any serious Tolkien collector. In the following article I will talk about some of the many Hobbit related ephemera. Of course there are many other 'Hobbit' items that I will not talk about (but who knows one day I come and add some more... if time allows).
When The Hobbit appeared in 1937, tolkien's friend C.S. Lewis unashamedly published rave reviews in TIMES LITERARY SUPPLEMENT (October 2, 1937) and the London TIMES (October 8, 1937). Both are now valuable Tolkien ephemera and can be considered as the very first pieces of scholarly criticism of tolkien's work published.
Another very early and extremely rare Tolkien collectable is a letter about The Hobbit published in THE OBSERVER, London, February 20, 1938. Tolkien wrote in reply to letter, signed ‘Habit’ and published in the Observer on January 16, where someone speculates the word Hobbit might have been suggested by Julian Huxley’s "account of 'the little furry men' seen in Africa by natives and … at least one scientist" and even claims there could exist an earlier fairytale called The Hobbit, which later turned out to be false. The author of this letter wanted to find out about the origin of word Hobbit, to which Tolkien replied with many words and a lot of passion. While originally it had not been Tolkien’s intention that his reply would have been published publicly, this particular newspaper has now become very valuable. Tolkien’s letter has been reprinted in Letters of J. R. R. Tolkien (Letter 25), but the letter signed Habit can only be read if you find the original.
The Hobbit turned out to be a big success in America and by the end of 1938 more then 5000 copies had been sold in the US. The real success of Tolkien however started in the 1960's, once again in America, where the students fell for Tolkien’s books in unprecedented fashion, and sales of the Hobbit soared to the present multimillion-copy level. For the release of the 70th anniversary edition of The Hobbit, in 2007, Harper Collins told that The Hobbit has been translated into almost 50 languages and sold over 100 million copies.
While the Tolkien Estate was always very protective for adaptations of Tolkien works, there was made a very radical serialization of The Hobbit, which appeared in a British magazine called ‘Princess’ that aimed at teenage girls. The story was split up into fifteen installments and issued on a weekly basis between October 10, 1964 and January 16, 1965.
In the article we can read about the success of Tolkien’s books in the United States, the view on the Hobbit by American college students and the forming of the first Tolkien Societies. This was the first major article to address "the Hobbit-Forming World of J.R.R. Tolkien", the new phenomenon that was then called "Tolkien people" and we know these days as Tolkien fans, Ringers, or just Tolkien geeks. This article still gets quoted these days in studies on Tolkien fandom and has been a collectable Tolkien item ever since its publication.
The year 1987 was a special year for Tolkien lovers and collectors, since then we celebrated 50 years of The Hobbit. A lot of exhibitions where held and some very fine catalogues where produced. Also we see the appearance of the first commemorative booklets by the major Tolkien publishing houses. These have now become Tolkien collectables that now and then can be found on the market.
For example, from February 21 to May 23, 1987 there was an exhibition of Drawings for The Hobbit by J.R.R. Tolkien at the Bodleian Library in Oxford. They produced an 8-page booklet.
The American publisher also published a special 10 page promotional phamplet in 1988, called The Hobbit 50: Fiftieth Anniversary 1938-1988. The text was written by Austion Olson. Today it is an uncommon ephemeral item.
Here ends my first part on 70 years collecting the Hobbit. More articles coming your way real soon!
(1) Wayne G. Hammond and Douglas A. Anderson - J.R.R. Tolkien A descriptive Bibliography, p. 4 and p. 18
(2) Melissa and Mark Hime - Eorclanstanar [Precious Stones] or The Hobbitiana: an offering of rarities by J.R.R. Tolkien. Idyllwild, California: 1980
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